The City

Vilnius is the capital of the Republic of Lithuania and the largest administrative territorial division in the country. It is a heart of all major political, economic, social and cultural centres. Lithuania is a member of the EU, it borders the Baltic Sea, Latvia, Belarus, Poland and Russia (Kaliningrad). Vilnius is in the South East of the country.

Current area of Vilnius is about 400 square km. Buildings cover 29.1% of the city and the remaining area is prevailed with the greenery (68.8%) and waters (2.1%).

History reveals that Vilnius was first mentioned in 1323 by the Grand Duke Gediminas, who sent numerous letters to Western Europe inviting traders and craftsmen of all nationalities and religious confessions to settle in the city. At that time Vilnius became a center of tolerance where people of various nationalities settled and lived there in harmony developing trade and crafts. As soon as the Vilnius University was established in 1579 by King of Poland Stefan Batory, the city became a center of education and culture as well.  Now Vilnius is the largest city in the country, with the population of approximately 635 thousand, according to the data of 2017. Ethnically Vilnius community comprises 57,8% of Lithuanians, 18,7% of Poles, 14% of Russians, 4% of Belorusians, 0.5% of Jews and the remaining 5% of other nationalities.

The Old Town, historical centre of Vilnius, is one of the largest in Eastern Europe (360 ha). The most valuable historic and cultural heritage is concentrated here. The buildings in the Old Town—there are about 1.5 thousand of them—were built in a number of different centuries, therefore, it is a mixture of all European architectural styles. Although Vilnius is often called a Baroque city, here you will also find masterpieces of Gothic, monuments of Renaissance, Neoclassicism and other styles. The main sights of the city are the Gediminas Castle, the Cathedral Square—symbols of the capital—and the historic centre, the Old Town of Vilnius, which in 1994 was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. The highest tower of Vilnius, a TV Tower which is a perfect observation platform at the height of 165m. always welcomes visitors in its restaurant called Milky Way,

In 2009, at the same time as Linz (Austria), Vilnius was a European Capital of Culture. City guests can also visit some very informative museums and galleries such as the National Museum of Lithuania, the Museum of Genocide Victims, Museum of Theatre music and Cinema, Museum of Applied Arts, Contemporary Art Center and many others – there are many alternatives for various tastes and interests. Vilnius stands strong in medical tourism.

Vilnius has always been a multicultural city. With its intense cultural life, leafy, quiet, compact and clean environment and excellent tourism infrastructure,

Vilnius can be a cosy and astonishing place for everyone.

 

Welcome to Vilnius!

Remigijus Šimašius

The Mayor of Vilnius

Remigijus Šimašius

‘’Fair hearing, argumentation and action!’’

meras@vilnius.lt

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